Olint - 12 Abr 2013 - 09:57

SIKITITA

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General Overview of the Variety
Denomination and synonymy: 

 

New olive variety selected for high density orchards. Obtained by researchers at Cordoba University and the Institute Andaluz de Investigación y Formación Agraria (IFAPA) within an olive breeding program that both institutions have been carrying out since 1991. It is origi- nated from hybridization between ‘Picual’ (female parental) and ‘Arbequina’ (male parental), the two varieties more widely spread in the Spanish olive groves. 

Cultivation area: 

 

It is the most important variety in Catalonia, where it occupies more than 55,000 hectares. The variety has been protected in the European Union, Chile, Argentina, Mexico, United States (with the denomination ‘Chiquitita’), South Africa, Australia, Tunis, Morocco
and Turkey. 

Agronomic and commercial considerations: 

 

Its main characteristics are: very low vigour, compact canopy and weeping shape that makes its canopy volume about 60-70% referred to Arbequina ́s. These characteristics make this variety very adequate to be used in plantations in hedge, where number of trees reach 2000 olive trees/ha. In the case of ‘Sikitita’, due to its smallest vigour, planting spaces of 3,5 x 1,25 m. can be used.

It has an early entry in production and high productivity, good oil yield content and extracta- bility. Its oil expresses very good organoleptic characteristics and is characterized by being fruity and sweet with bitterness and piquant quite balanced. 

Resistance, tolerance and susceptibility: 
  • Olive knot In study
  • Leaf Spot Moderately tolerant
  • Verticillium In study
  • Other Tolerant to cold
Morphological characters
Árbol: 

Low vigour. Weeping shape. Dense canopy.

Leaf: 

Elliptical-lanceolate shape, short and narrow.

Fruit: 

Ovoidal and symmetrical shape, without tip, middle weight, black color when in full ripening.    

Pit: 

Elliptical and symmetrical shape, with tip.